Aardman Animations, Ltd., also Known as Aardam Studios is a British animation studio based in Bristol. The studio is known for stop-motion films specializing in clay animation techniques, particularly featuring plasticine characters Wallace and Gromit.The company name is taken from one of its early characters, a superhero created for Vision On, deriving from the Dutch word “aardman” meaning “goblin”.
Peter Lord and David Sproxton began their animation partnership in 1972, and registered the name Aardman Animations as a low budget project while at school. They moved to Bristol in 1976. They first provided animated sequences for the BBC series for deaf children Vision On. Their short film Creature Comforts (1989) was the first Aardam production to win an Oscar. Following this success, Aardman began the development of the adventures of Wallace and Gromit, a knitted tank top-wearing inventor and his intelligent but silent dog. Some of their films include A Grand Day Out (1989), The Wrong Trousers (1993) and A Close Shave (1995), the latter two winning Academy Awards.
Apart from their film production, which extended into feature films with Chicken Run (2000), the studio has released several books including illustrations of their most popular characters, Wallace and Gromit. Some of titles includeWallace & Gromit and the Lost Slipper (1997), Cracking Animation: The Aardman Book of 3-D Animation.(1998), The World of Wallace & Gromit (2004) and The Art of Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005).